Changing Nature of Public Realm and Its Role in Urban Transformation

Author: Rushali Wagadre | KRVIA – Post Graduate Program | 2021

What defines the character of a city is its public space. Public places affect the image of urban communities and are vital for the urban culture and city life. Urban areas are primarily a blend of communities living together. They present various examples with different levels of the social hierarchy. From the historic times public spaces has been the city centres and played a vital role for people and its city. The physical aspects of public spaces has been an important assets be it in the form of open plazas, market squares or spaces between buildings, which has always hosted a wide range of socioeconomic and recreational functions. Public spaces are part of cities that express identity. It is the vitality of spaces that attracts people.

The quality of space reflects the sense of community within the neighbourhoods. Today with the increasing globalisation and the urban sprawl in cities led to the decentralisation of urban functions i.e. the city centres which acts as public spaces are losing its primary and central functions. The city’s focus and identity is shifting towards the areas with private spaces along with all the high-tech amenities. Today, Public spaces are no longer ‘public’. The city parks and gardens with rules and regulations policies along with the usage of space. The changing character of the spaces and the desires of the citizens had also led the public spaces into the hands of privatisation. Across the world, parks, gardens and promenades – which were once in the hands of public usage – are coming under the control of private authorities. They lack the main constituents of public open space i.e. Accessibility to all and thus has impact on city’s social life and character. Unfortunately, few of today’s public spaces adequately prioritise this mission. These changing natures of public spaces are in turn affecting the city centres and its neighbourhood. Public spaces has been limited to a define boundary which creates incremental shifts in the usage and degree of accessibility.

The idea of what constitutes a public place should be extended to include the quality and character of neighbourhoods to the city, so did the ways to counter the human experience. Thus the questions about how to activate a public space became crucial and the role of public space in transforming cities became evident and vital. The challenge here is to develop spaces which will help to build cities that are supportive and functional and will also be able to adopt the undergoing changes. This research explores the possibilities, using public realm as a tool to enhance the social integrity and public interactions, through an intricate connection between place and people to develop a sense of belongings. The importance of public space is often misunderstood only as a recreation space but rather these spaces are potential city growth generators and they often end up being cities’ most valuable land. Public spaces should be viewed as an essential help, with a similar need as transport, water, shelter, and sanitation which government & communities often considered the basic asset. These distinctions in thoughts and actions offer Identity to the neighbourhood. The open spaces are therefore changed to break the limits of economic contrasts and by and large remain as spaces for the exchange of thoughts. The public space shapes public life in cities and affects the everyday city life practices. Thus the benefits could be multi-fold and can be retained in various domains of urban growth and transformation i.e. economic vitality via empowering local communities, improved quality of life, and environmental sustainability.

Text & Image Credit: Rushali Wagadre | Krvia – Post Graduate Program | Urban Design

Featured Image Credit: KRVIA Post Graduate Batch 2020








One response to “Changing Nature of Public Realm and Its Role in Urban Transformation”

  1. Probuddha Mukhopadhyay Avatar
    Probuddha Mukhopadhyay

    Yet another interesting premise has been studied in this thesis alike the ones you had shared earlier. The students can probably come together and prepare an interactive digital map of their theses and the various regions they have investigated across the country. They could collate the issues, identify overlaps / idiosyncrasies and how policies enact in each of their areas of enquiry and put out the suggested strategies as well. It could become a very useful resource for researchers, ngos and govt agencies seeking consultancy.
    Thankyou so much for sharing.


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